Tuesday, April 14, 2020

4 Gospels in 4 Weeks - The Beginning and an Outline...




Welcome to our study of the 4 Gospels in 4 Weeks! Below you will find the first outline of information. This information will complement the podcasts and videos created specifically for this study. You should already have the reading schedule.

The purpose of this study is to dig into the life of Jesus and learn about how the Gospels present his story. Here we will compare and contrast the accounts of his life, getting to know him on a more personal and intimate level. By the time we are finished, hopefully, you will see Jesus in a different light.

Thank you for embarking on this journey with me. I am excited for my own growth and am praying for God to work mightily in your spiritual development. Above all, I ask that you attempt to lay all your preconceived notions about Jesus at the door. Read the text fresh. Don't make assumptions. Pretend that you are on a desert island and you have never read the Gospels before. Try to let God speak His truth, not your own biases or traditions, through the Word.

In short, what does this actually teach us about God and Jesus? Not what do we want it to say or wish it would say, but what does it actually say?

Now, buckle up, settle in, pour yourself your favorite beverage and find a comfy place to either read, or listen to, the Gospel of Mark, and let's being our journey. Jesus is coming onto the scene. Do you see him? Can you hear him? He is opening his mouth to speak.

What is he saying?

Grace and peace,

Derin

4 GOSPELS IN 4 WEEKS

·       Written in Koine (common) Greek – the language of culture and commerce.
o   Similar to English, today
o   Extremely literate culture
·       After Malachi, God is silent for 400 years
o   My Bible has 1370 pages of text. It records 6,000 + years of human history
o   God only acts during a short period of time
§  Even if every page = one year (which they do not) and God acted on every page (which He does not), that is still less than 1/3 of human history that God is active and engaged with mankind.
·       During those 400 years between Malachi and the Gospels, a lot has happened.
o   When Malachi ends, the Medio-Persian empire is the dominant world power
§  Egypt is also still a world power
§  But in those 400 years, both have faded into history and world power has shifted from Asia to Europe

·       In 333 BC, Greece ruled under Alexander the Great, conquering everything in its path and common Greek is the first unifying language

·       Now, as the curtain of the New Testament rises, the iron fist of Rome grasps everything in its path

o   Under Rome
§  Peace – Pax Romana
§  Freedom of Religion
§  Freedom of culture
§  Innovation
·       Roads
·       Aqueduct
·       Theater
o   The One thing Rome would not tolerate is insurrection
·       The Jews have been under occupation on and off for almost 1,000 years
·       Now Rome is the occupier and no matter how lenient they seemed the Jews were still under oppression

·       Jewish Leadership
o   Pharisees – dominant party arose to defend Jewish way of life against all outside threats

§  Legalists
§  Nationalists – wanted to restore the Kingdom
§  Fundamentalists
o   Sadducees – wealthy and socially minded
§  Wanted to do away with tradition
§  Did not believe in resurrection
§  Liberal
§  Rejected supernatural
§  Akin to Greek Epicureans
·       Eat, Drink, Be Merry for Tomorrow You Die
o   Scribes – professional expounders of the law
§  Concerned more about letter of law than spirit
§  Hair-splitters
·       4 Gospels are written for four different audiences:
o   Matthew written to religious Jews in Jerusalem
o   Mark written to non-Jewish Romans
o   Luke written to Greek Gentiles
§  To the thinking men
·       Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are the synoptic Gospels          
o   Synoptic – seen with the same eye
o   John written to Believers and Asia
o   Each one tells a different perspective of the ministry of Jesus
·       Basics of Jesus’ Ministry:
o   Jesus had his public ministry between approximately AD 29 – 32
o   Jesus dies on Passover AD 32
o   His public ministry lasted 3 years
§  How do we know?
·       In Luke Chapter 3:23 we are told that Jesus was about 30 years old when he began his ministry

·       The Gospel of John outlines Jesus’ public ministry within 3 cycles of Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles, so three years

o   Begins public ministry at 30 and then his ministry lasts 3 years and then he is crucified

o   Most of his ministry takes place in a very small area, not much bigger than a neighborhood

·       He taught in parables because they were striking, memorable ways to present information.

o   He speaks parables to crowds but speaks plainly to his disciples.
·       His ministry is one of reconciliation between God and man
o   It is a continuance of the plan of salvation, issued at the beginning in Genesis 3:15

o   Three hinges of salvation
§  Abrahamic Covenant
§  Davidic Covenant
§  Messianic Covenant
·       Jesus died to appease the wrath of God against the sin of man in order to redeem man and heal the rift between God and His creation

·       The Gospel of Mark
o   Probably the first Gospel to be written
§  One of the earliest books in the New Testament
§  Written very early
§  Many scholars place it around 60 AD
§  Evidence for a much earlier writing
·       Paul quotes Luke in 1 Timothy 5:17–18 “Let the elders who rule well be considered worthy of double honour, especially those who labour in preaching and teaching; for the scripture says, “You shall not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,” and, “The labourer deserves to be paid.”

·       Paul’s quote is actually a hybrid of 2 Scriptures, Deuteronomy 25:4 and Luke 10:7.

·       1 Timothy was written before AD 67. Why? Because that is when Paul died.

·       If Luke was written, circulated, and considered Scripture well before AD 67, and Mark was the first Gospel written, that gives an extremely early date to the book of Mark

·        Mark could have been written in the late 30’s.
o   Written by John Mark
§  While Matthew and John are Apostles, Mark and Luke are not
          ·       Mark was probably quite a bit younge
§  Mark is first introduced possibly in the Gospel of Mark
           ·       Jesus and his disciples eat the Passover
           ·       They go to the garden
           ·       Mark 14:50-52 tell a funny story about a young man who has been                     following the apostles. He is only wearing a linen garment 
                 (i.e. a nightgown). He is seized by soldiers, but runs away naked, 
                  leaving only his nightgown

·       This leads many scholars to believe that Mark was quite a bit younger and spying on the Passover between Jesus and his disciples. His mother owned the upper room. He followed them to the garden when he was supposed to be in bed.
·       The upper room becomes an important place for the disciples to gather.

o   They hide there during Black Saturday
o   They meet there, regularly and Jesus appears to them there

o   In Acts 12, Peter is released from prison by angels. Believers had gathered at Mark’s house to pray. The upper room seems to have had special significance

§  We meet Mark again, when Paul and Barnabus go on their first missionary journey

·       According to Colossians 4:10, Mark is Barnabus’ nephew
§  In Perga, Mark sneaks back home
·       This really makes Paul angry
§  When it is time for the second missionary journey, Barnabus wants to take Mark

·       Paul says, “no way”
·       They have a huge fight and part company and we never hear from Barnabus, again

§  Later on, Paul and Mark make up
·       In 2 Timothy 4:11 Paul says Mark is useful to his ministry
o   Considered Peter’s Gospel
§  According to 1 Peter 5:13 Mark was Peter’s spiritual son
§  Papias, one of the early church fathers, recorded that John Mark got his gospel from Simon Peter. So does Eusebius

·       Mark is a fast-paced Gospel, written for busy people who loved power (Romans)
o   He uses terms like “immediately” and his prose moves at break-necked speed.
o   Jesus is a wonder-working warrior, full of power and miracles
o   The words are passionate
o   Mark’s Jesus has been compared to a Lion
·       AN OUTLINE OF MARK
o   The Credentials of Christ
§  I. John INTRODUCES the Servant, Chapter 1:1-8
·       (Death of John, Mar 6:14-29)
§  II. God the Father IDENTIFIES the Servant, Chapter 1:9-11
·       (Transfiguration, Mar 9:1-8)
§  III. The temptation INITIATES the Servant, Chapter 1:12, 13
§  IV. Work and words ILLUSTRATE (illumine) the Servant, Chapters 1:14—13:37
·       A. Miracles
o   1. Healing (physical)
§  a. Peter’s wife’s mother (fever) and others, Mar 1:29-34

§  b. Leper, Mar 1:40-45
§  c. Palsied man let down through roof, Mar 2:1-12
§  d. Man with withered hand, Mar 3:1-5
§  e. Many healed beside Sea of Galilee, Mar 3:6-10
§  f. Woman with issue of blood, Mar 5:21-34
§  g. Sick at Nazareth, Mar 6:5
§  h. Disciples heal, Mar 6:13
§  i. Sick in land of Gennesaret, Mar 6:53-56
§  j. Deaf and dumb of Decapolis, Mar 7:31-37
§  k. Blind man of Bethsaida, Mar 8:22-26
§  l. Blind Bartimaeus, Mar 10:46-52
o   2. Nature (natural)
§  a. Stills the storm, Mar 4:35-41
§  b. Five thousand fed, Mar 6:32-44
§  c. Walks on sea, Mar 6:45-52
§  d. Four thousand fed, Mar 8:1-9
§  e. Fig tree cursed, Mar 11:12-14
o   3. Demons (spiritual)
§  a. Man in synagogue, Mar 1:21-27
§  b. Many demons in Capernaum, Mar 1:32-34
§  c. Demons in Galilee, Mar 1:39
§  d. Unclean spirits by Sea of Galilee, Mar 3:11, 12
§  e. Scribes charge that He casts out demons by Beelzebub, Mar 3:22-30

§  f. Demoniac of Gadara, Mar 5:1-20
§  g. Syrophoenician’s demon-possessed daughter, Mar 7:24-30

§  h. Demon-possessed boy, Mar 9:14-27
o   4. Raised from dead (supernatural)
§  A. daughter of Jairus, Mar 5:35-43
·       B. Parables and Teachings
o   1. Parables
§  a. Fasting with the Bridegroom present, Mar 2:19, 20

§  b. New cloth on old garment, Mar 2:21
§  c. New wine in old bottles, Mar 2:22
§  d. Sower, Mar 4:1-20
§  e. Candle and bushel, Mar 4:21-25
§  f. Seed growing, Mar 4:26-29
§  g. Mustard seed, Mar 4:30-34
§  h. Man demanding fruit from vineyard, Mar 12:1-12

§  i. Fig tree, Mar 13:28-33
§  j. Man on trip, Mar 13:34-37
·       C. Miscellaneous teachings
o   a. Preaching the gospel of the kingdom, Mar 1:14, 15
o   b. Preaching in Galilee, Mar 1:28, 35-39
o   c. Sabbath, Mar 2:23-28
o   d. New relationship, Mar 3:31-35
o   e. Synagogue in Nazareth, Mar 6:1-6
o   f. The twelve sent out, Mar 6:7-13
o   g. The twelve return, Mar 6:30-31
o   h. Pharisees denounced, Mar 7:1-23
o   i. Leaven explained, Mar 8:10-21
o   j. Death of Christ, Mar 8:27-38; 9:30-32; 10:32-34
o   k. Mark of greatness, Mar 9:33-37
o   l. Rebuke of sectarianism, Mar 9:38-41
o   m. Hell, Mar 9:42-50
o   n. Marriage, Mar 10:1-16
o   o. Riches, Mar 10:23-31
o   p. Prayer, Mar 11:22-26
o   q. Authority of Jesus, Mar 11:27-33
o   r. Taxes, Mar 12:13-17
o   s. Resurrection, Mar 12:18-27
o   t. The great commandment, Mar 12:28-34
o   u. Messiah, Mar 12:35-40
o   v. Olivet Discourse, Mar 13:1-27
·       D. Incidents
o   a. Call of disciples, Mar 1:16-20; 2:13-18; 3:13-21
o   b. Death of John the Baptist, Mar 6:14-29
o   c. Transfiguration, Mar 9:1-13
o   d. Rich young ruler, Mar 10:17-22
o   e. Ambition of James and John, Mar 10:35-45
o   f. Triumphal entry, Mar 11:1-11
o   g. Jesus cleanses temple, Mar 11:15-18
o   h. Fig tree withered, Mar 11:19-21
o   i. Widow’s mite, Mar 12:41-44
§  V. Death, burial and resurrection INSURE the Servant, Chapters 14:1-16:20
o   A. Plot to put Jesus to death, Mar 14:1, 2
o   B. Jesus at supper in Bethany, Mar 14:3-9
o   C. Judas bargains to betray Jesus, Mar 14:10, 11
o   D. The Passover, Mar 14:12-26
o   E. The Garden of Gethsemane, Mar 14:27-42
o   F. The arrest of Jesus, Mar 14:43-52
o   G.The trial of Jesus, Mar 14:53 — 15:15
o   H.The crucifixion of Jesus, Mar 15:16-41
o   I. The burial, Mar 15:42-47
o   J. The resurrection, Mar 16:1-20
SOURCES:
                           I.          Dr Bill Creasy - https://www.logosbiblestudy.com/
                         II.          Dr J. Vernon McGee - https://ttb.org/home
                        III.          Four Gospels, One Jesus – Richard A Burridge; William B Eerdman’s Publishing Company





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